By Margaret F. Roberts
Not because the overdue Seventies has a unmarried paintings offered the biology of this heterogenous staff of secondary alkaloids in such intensity. Alkaloids, a special treatise that includes leaders within the box, provides either the old use of alkaloids and the most recent discoveries in
- the biochemistry of alkaloid creation in vegetation
- alkaloid ecology, together with marine invertebrates, animal and plant parasites, and
- alkaloids as antimicrobial and present medicinal use
. Highlights comprise chapters at the chemical ecology of alkaloids in host-predator interactions, and at the compartmentation of alkaloids synthesis, delivery, and garage. wide cross-referencing in tabular structure makes this quantity an outstanding reference.
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No longer because the past due Nineteen Seventies has a unmarried paintings provided the biology of this heterogenous team of secondary alkaloids in such intensity. Alkaloids, a distinct treatise that includes leaders within the box, provides either the ancient use of alkaloids and the most recent discoveries in the biochemistry of alkaloid construction in vegetation alkaloid ecology, together with marine invertebrates, animal and plant parasites, and alkaloids as antimicrobial and present medicinal use .
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Extra info for Alkaloids: Biochemistry, Ecology, and Medicinal Applications
Datura metel (Family Solanaceae) The thornapple and its relatives have a long tradition as medicinal, but also hallucinogenic, plants which were used in Europe, Africa, Arabia, Asia, and America. All parts of the plant produce tropane alkaloids, with hyoscyamine and scopolamine as major alkaloids. The seeds are especially rich in alkaloids. The pharmacology of tropane alkaloids has already been discussed under Atropa (see above), which would make the psychic (sensation of flying; transformation into animals), medicinal, and toxic effects of Datura alkaloids plausible.
As are Atropa and Datura, henbane is rich in tropane alkaloids such as hyoscyamine and scopolamine; the latter alkaloid constitutes about 40% of total alkaloids. As a consequence H. niger is one of the infamous herbs used by witches and magicians; its hallucinogenic, analgesic, and toxic effects are similar to those described above , for Atropa. The three Hyoscyamus species were well known to ancient Greeks and Romans: Dioscorides recommended H. albus for medicinal purposes, such as an analgesic , whereas H.
According to our present knowledge, the use of these plants was based on pharmacologically active alkaloids, such as morphine, coniine, hyoscyamine, and scopolamine (see Chapters 12 and 18). Hannibal's caring relatives, according to Silius in "de bello punico," regularly helped him to sleep with opium, because he would not sleep otherwise. 37 A Short History of Alkaloid s Opium in combination with tropane alkaloids (called "theriac") was the main narcotic during the Middle Ages, but was more or less abandoned during the times of the witchhunt (see Atropa and Datura, above).
Alkaloids: Biochemistry, Ecology, and Medicinal Applications by Margaret F. Roberts