By Charles T Haskell
Allow a pro venture finance expert consultant you thru to pricing and negotiating a undertaking finance care for the version with this new workbook. discover ways to examine the monetary modeling from a extra severe standpoint. This workbook positive factors labored examples of creating and analysing each one step of the undertaking finance version, so that you thoroughly comprehend the method.
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Additional info for Advanced Modelling for Project Finance
Most sponsors and lenders will state that the primary source should be those parties who have the greatest control of this process – in many cases this is the EPC contractor. The preferred mechanism would be unlimited cash, structured in some form of easily accessible Liquidated Damages (LDs) to service potential completion risks. However, there are few, if any, contractors who will assume that much risk, so a series of levels, or caps, are placed in the contract to limit the upside risk to the contractor.
Infrastructure risk may also be described as transportation and delivery risk, or interconnection risk. The most obvious examples would be an adequate port receiving facility and transportation system to accommodate the delivery of large equipment such as generators and turbines for power projects. Once the equipment has arrived on site, the power project will need to be able to access fuel readily and connect to the grid in order to deliver the power easily. Sometimes the existing pipelines, substations and transmissions lines can be considerable distances.
From the lenders’ perspective, careful attention should be paid to these contracts when the counter-party is also a sponsor. Pricing may allow for some sense of pre-tax equity returns before the lenders are getting paid. The sponsor should take care to make sure that any incentive bonuses for additional availability or efficiencies are actually beneficial to the project’s cash flows. An offtake agreement that has a capped quantity amount, or a feedstock contract that has a take-or-pay for a specified amount, may not allow for increased benefit to the project’s cash.
Advanced Modelling for Project Finance by Charles T Haskell