Download A Hidden Workforce: Homeworkers in England, 1850–1985 by Shelley Pennington PDF

By Shelley Pennington

ISBN-10: 0333432975

ISBN-13: 9780333432976

ISBN-10: 1349198544

ISBN-13: 9781349198542

Homeworkers tend to be ladies who paintings of their personal houses for an outdoor organization and are paid on a one-piece foundation. The paintings is mostly unskilled and of a humdrum and repetitive nature. the industrial prestige of the homeworker has little or not anything in universal with the self reliant craftsman operating in his own residence sooner than the onset of industrialization; homeworkers paintings with out supervision and feature no genuine touch with their employers or sub-contractors other than while accumulating or returning paintings. This quantity is an research of the commercial and social place of the predominantly woman labour strength of the homework industries from 1850 to 1985. The textual content examines alterations that experience happened within the composition of the labour strength, the choices open to ladies and the kinds and geographical situation of homework. The authors significantly review makes an attempt to enhance the placement of homeworkers and touch upon the customers for homeworking sooner or later.

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Additional resources for A Hidden Workforce: Homeworkers in England, 1850–1985

Sample text

13 One respondent reported that his grandmother was making gloves throughout the 1870s for 31f4d. per pair. The chief areas of the hosiery industry were the midlands counties of Nottinghamshire, Derbyshire and Leicestershire. Hosiery manufacture involved making stockings, socks, undershirts, drawers, gloves and jackets. The Children's Employment Commission of 1863 reported that much hosiery work was still conducted in private houses and small shops. The homework included chevroning stockings or socks, herring-boning the necks of vests or putting a silk flap on to the front, button-holing and much seaming (joining the parts of a garment together).

However, there were between two and three thousand women employed in this trade in the 1890s. The Select Committee on Sweating reported in 1888, that there was no other employment in the district for women who work at this trade and it appears to be falling more and more into their hands'. 4 47 5 Mattress stutTing 1890 (National Museum of Labour History) 48 Types of homework 49 By the second half of the nineteenth century prospects for female employment in rural areas were even graver than in the towns.

It was monotonous and repetitive work labelled as unskilled women's work and carrying a very low status. The spinners were unorganised and completely at the mercy of their employers. Under the domestic system of manufacture. employers usually gave out the raw materials but the workers owned their own machines. The system differed from the preceding guild system where the workers were independent producers owning their own raw materials and their own machines. The whole relationship between employer and employee was transformed under the domestic system.

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A Hidden Workforce: Homeworkers in England, 1850–1985 by Shelley Pennington


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